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Tuesday, November 6, 2012
comparing ceramic-on-metal and metal-on-metal outcomes
Christchurch Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, PO Box 4345, Christchurch, New Zealand.
In a double-blinded randomised controlled trial, 83 patients with primary osteoarthritis of the hip received either a ceramic-on-metal (CoM) or metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacement (THR). The implants differed only in the bearing surfaces used. The serum levels of cobalt and chromium and functional outcome scores were compared pre-operatively and at six and 12 months post-operatively. Data were available for 41 CoM and 36 MoM THRs (four patients were lost to follow-up, two received incorrect implants). The baseline characteristics of both cohorts were similar. Femoral head size measured 36 mm in all but two patients who had 28 mm heads. The mean serum cobalt and chromium levels increased in both groups, with no difference noted between groups at six months (cobalt p = 0.67, chromium p = 0.87) and 12 months (cobalt p = 0.76, chromium p = 0.76) post-operatively. Similarly, the mean Oxford hip scores, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index and University of California, Los Angeles activity scores showed comparable improvement at 12 months. Our findings indicate that CoM and MoM couplings are associated with an equivalent increase in serum cobalt and chromium levels, and comparable functional outcome scores at six and 12-months follow-up