Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Case Report: High Chromium and Cobalt Levels in a Pregnant Patient with Bilateral Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasties.

2012 Jun 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Case Report: High Chromium and Cobalt Levels in a Pregnant Patient with Bilateral Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasties.

Source

Pharmakovigilanz- und Beratungszentrum für Embryonaltoxikologie (Institute for Clinical Teratology and Drug Risk Assessment in Pregnancy), Institut für Klinische Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Spandauer Damm 130, Haus 10, D-14050, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Metal-on-metal bearings frequently are used in young patients leading to the concern that disseminated metals such as chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) as the main constituents could affect pregnancies.

CASE DESCRIPTION:

We describe a 41-year-old patient with bilateral metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties, a recurrent pseudotumor, and extremely high blood levels (Cr 39 μg/L, Co 138 μg/L) at 12 gestational weeks. At different gestational weeks, maternal blood, aspirate of the pseudotumor, and amniotic fluid were analyzed for Cr and Co. Therapy with chelating agents was not recommended because the mother showed no symptoms of toxicity and the safety of chelating therapy during pregnancy is not established. At 38 weeks of gestation, a healthy male infant was delivered with elevated Cr and Co cord blood levels. At the age of 8 weeks, the infant's Cr was comparable to the cord blood level, whereas the Co decreased considerably without treatment. At the age of 14 weeks, the infant's development was seemingly uneventful and no signs of toxicity were obvious.

LITERATURE REVIEW:

Carcinogenic, mutagenic, and teratogenic potentials of these metals have been suggested. However, we found no published clinical observations in context with pregnancies of women with hip arthroplasties using metal-on-metal implants. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such high levels of Cr and Co in a human pregnancy. PURPOSES AND

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

Although we cannot generalize from one case, the seemingly uneventful outcome of this pregnancy may reassure colleagues when counseling patients with high ion levels whether to carry a pregnancy to term.

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